Think Long Committee for California Members

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Nicolas Berggruen
David Bonderman
Eli Broad
Willie Lewis Brown, Jr.
Joseph "Gray" Davis
Berggruen
Nicolas Berggruen
Chairman
NICOLAS BERGGRUEN is the Chairman of Berggruen Holdings, a private company, which is the direct investment vehicle of the Nicolas Berggruen Charitable Trust.

Berggruen Holdings has operations in the U.S., Europe, and Asia, as well as real estate and financial investments globally. The firm and related entities have made well over 100 direct investments during the last 20 years by committing entirely its own capital across diverse industries, both public and private and focusing on building long-term value. Investments are often socially and culturally driven. The Berggruen Group has offices in New York, Berlin, Istanbul, Tel Aviv and Mumbai.

Through the Berggruen Institute, an independent, non-partisan think tank, he encourages the study and design of systems of good governance suited for the 21st century. Mr. Berggruen is a board director of Zewail City of Science and Technology, Egypt; a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Pacific Council on International Policy.

Committed to leaving a legacy of art and architecture, he sits on the boards of the Museum Berggruen, Berlin, and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and is a member of the International Councils for the Tate Museum, London and the Museum of Modern Art, New York. He has collaborated on projects with such renowned architects as Richard Meier, Shigeru Ban and David Adjaye.

Mr. Berggruen was born in Paris, where he studied at l’Ecole Alsacienne before attending Le Rosey in Switzerland. He obtained a Bachelor of Science in Finance and International Business from New York University in 1981. Prior to Berggruen Holdings, he worked for Bass Brothers Enterprises on the real estate side of this family-held investment firm, as well as for Jacobson and Co., Inc., a leveraged buyout company. In 1988, Mr. Berggruen co-founded the Alpha Group, a hedge fund operation, which was sold to Safra Bank in 2004. He is a member of the WPO-Angeleno; a board member of Promotora De Informaciones, S.A. (Prisa) and Le Monde.

Mr. Berggruen is co-author with Nathan Gardels of Intelligent Governance for the 21st Centurya Financial Times Book of the Year.
Bonderman
David Bonderman
Board of Directors, Think Long Committee for California

Prior to forming TPG, David Bonderman was COO of the Robert M. Bass Group, Inc.; a partner in the law firm of Arnold & Porter, where he specialized in corporate, securities, bankruptcy and antitrust litigation; a Fellow in Foreign and Comparative Law in conjunction with Harvard University; and Special Assistant to the U.S. Attorney General in the Civil Rights Division. Bonderman serves on a variety of boards including General Motors Company; Ryanair Holdings, plc, where he serves as Chairman; CoStar Group, Inc.; VTB Bank; the Grand Canyon Trust; and The Wilderness Society.

Eli broad
Eli Broad
Think Long Committee for California

Eli Broad founded the real estate development company Kaufman & Broad (KB Home) and the financial company SunAmerica. He is also well known for his extensive art collection that he lends out to museums and galleries for public viewing through the Broad Art Foundation. Broad and his wife also maintain the Broad Education Foundation to help support and improve public education in urban communities. Eli Broad was born on June 6, 1933 in Detroit Michigan and, after attending grade school, completed his undergraduate degree at Michigan State University and graduated cum laude in 1954. Three years later he helped create the real estate builder Kaufman & Broad, better known as KB Homes. It became the first publicly traded "home builder" company on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). Broad made millions off of his company and began looking at other ventures as a result. Broad also founded SunAmerica for which he acted as the CEO until 2000. Eli and his wife, Edythe Broad, began an extensive art collection and created the Broad Art Foundation to help support the efforts in spreading art education. In 1984 they began lending out portions of their collection to over 400 museums and university galleries around the world. Within six years, Eli Broad and his wife created the Broad Education Foundation for the purpose of supporting and improving public education in urban communities. In the first five years of operation, the Broad Education Foundation gave over $500 million in support of innovative leadership in urban school systems and another $100 million to create the Broad Institute of MIT for use in biomedical research. The foundation also gave money to Harvard and the Whitehead Institute in support of similar goals.As an advocate of Los Angeles, Eli Broad has committed both time and money to renovating and reviving his beloved city. Not only has he partnered with the Mayor to beautify specific areas of the city, he also helped to fund the Walt Disney Concert Hall designed by the legendary Frank Gehry. In 2004, the U.S. Congress and the President of the United States appointed Eli Broad to the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution. Besides holding a degree from Michigan State University, Broad also holds an Honorary Doctor of Humanities Degree from Michigan State University and another Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from Southwestern University.

Willie brown
Willie Lewis Brown, Jr.
Think Long Committee for California

Willie Lewis Brown, Jr. was born in Mineola, Texas. He enrolled at San Francisco State, hoping to become a math instructor. Once in college though, he was quickly swept up into the world of campus politics. He became active in his church, and in the San Francisco chapter of the NAACP. After earning a degree in political science, Willie Brown went to Hastings law school, where he was elected president of his class. There were few African American attorneys practicing in San Francisco at the time, and Brown made a name for himself in the community by taking on cases other attorneys would have dismissed as hopeless. Throughout the '60s and onto the '70s, Brown played an increasingly important role in the California Democratic Party. He made his first impact on the national stage in 1972, when he electrified delegates to the Democratic National Convention with a fiery speech delivered during a credentials fight. When Unruh stepped down in 1974, Brown seized the chance to run for Speaker of the Assembly but did not win. By 1980, Brown was ready to try for the Speakership again, and won the office with an unexpected coalition of 28 Republicans and only 23 Democrats. Throughout the 1980s and early 1990s, Brown exercised unprecedented power in the legislature, dictating budget agreements to a succession of Governors, Democratic and Republican. When Willie Brown ran for re-election in 1994, California's newly-enacted term limits assured that it would be his last stint in the legislature. Although Brown easily retained his Assembly seat in 1994, Republicans won a one-vote majority in the California State Assembly and it appeared that Willie Brown's record-setting tenure as Speaker was finally over. Brown pulled off a remarkable upset, clinging to his leadership of the Assembly by a margin of a single vote, cast by a Republican member whose loyalty Brown had won in an earlier session. When the Republican dissenter was recalled in a special election, Brown stunned the opposition again, by persuading another Republican member to stand for Speaker against the Republicans' chosen leader. Brown's choice won the votes of all Democrats and a single Republican in the Assembly. When Brown's chosen successor was also recalled, he persuaded Democrats to support the candidacy of the one Republican who had supported Brown's choice for Speaker, thereby dooming the hopes of Brown's Republican rival for a third time. The Republican majority were forced to withdraw their first choice and elected a fourth Speaker for the brief remainder of the Assembly session. Willie Brown had returned to San Francisco to run for Mayor. He faced considerable challenges, including an incumbent opponent with broader appeal to the political center, and two challengers from the left, one with considerable appeal to the city's large gay community. Brown's natural base of support among African Americans counted for little in a city where they were less than a quarter of the city's population. After a fiercely fought primary contest, Brown won the right to face the incumbent mayor head-on in the general election and won the endorsement. Willie Brown won and began his term as one of the most popular mayors in the city's history, and was easily re-elected to a second term. Although an economic downturn strained the city's finances in his second term, when he left office in 2003, Mayor Brown was able to see his chosen successor elected in his place. Willie Brown's eight years as Mayor of San Francisco provided a fitting climax to a career in public service spanning nearly 40 years. Since leaving office, he has written a daily newspaper column for the San Francisco Chronicle, hosted a daily radio program in San Francisco, and is a regular commentator on the national cable news network MSNBC. In another vein, he has founded the Willie Brown Institute on Politics and Public Service, an independent, non-profit forum for non-partisan education, debate and discussion of public policy issues. He has shared the lessons of his life -- in and out of politics -- in his 2008 autobiography, Basic Brown.

Davis 1
Joseph "Gray" Davis
Think Long Committee for California

Joseph "Gray" Davis was overwhelmingly elected the 37th governor of California in 1998, winning 58 percent of the vote. As Governor, he made education a top priority, signing legislation to strengthen California's K-12 system, increasing accountability in schools, and expanding access to higher education with a record number of scholarships and college loans. These reforms improved student achievement scores for six consecutive yearsWhile presiding over California during an economic expansion, Davis made record investments in infrastructure, created four Centers of Science and Innovation on UC campuses, and expanded state health insurance for an additional one million children. He also was the first Governor in the nation to authorize stem cell research.As Governor, he demonstrated bold environmental leadership by signing the first law in the nation to reduce global warming and greenhouse gases. He also created the first Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Registry, and was the first to establish the nation's most ambitious commitment to renewable energy by creating the statewide Renewables Portfolio Standard.Despite a wave of Republican victories across the nation in 2002, Davis was re-elected to a second term.Davis graduated from Stanford University (Cum Laude) and Columbia Law School, and was awarded the Bronze Star for his service during the Vietnam War. He served as Lieutenant Governor (1995-1998), state controller (1987-95), state assemblyman (1982-86).Davis is of counsel in the Los Angeles office of Loeb & Loeb, where he provides strategic advice to clients on numerous matters. He is also a Senior Fellow at the UCLA School of Public Affairs and regularly speaks before various academic and civic groups. Davis was the Keynote speaker at the Columbia Law School Graduation Ceremony in May of 2009.

María Elena Durazo
Matthew K. Fong
Ronald George
Antonia Hernández
Robert Hertzberg
Durazo
María Elena Durazo
Think Long Committee for California

María Elena Durazo was elected to serve as Executive Secretary-Treasurer of the Los Angeles County Federation of Labor, AFL-CIO, on May 15, 2006. Before leading the Federation, Maria Elena was elected President of the hotel workers union UNITE-HERE, Local 11, and built it into one of the most active unions in Los Angeles County. Her hard work led her to become the first Latina elected to the Executive Board of HERE International Union in 1996 and eventually, in 2004, she became Executive Vice President of UNITE-HERE International.Currently she serves as Chair of the Los Angeles Alliance for a New Economy, Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa's appointee to the Los Angeles Economy and Jobs Committee, Board of Directors for LA Inc., the Los Angeles Convention and Visitors Bureau and the California League of Conservation Voters. Maria Elena is a graduate of St. Mary's College in Moraga and earned a law degree from the People's College of Law in 1985. She resides in Los Angeles.

Fong
Matthew K. Fong
Think Long Committee for California

Matthew K. Fong served as a dedicated and valued member of the Think Long Committee for California from its inception until he lost his battle with cancer on June 1, 2011. Matthew was the Vice Chairman of the State Board of Equalization and the highest ranking Asian-American in the state of California. Matt represents the 7.5 million residents of the Fourth District, which geographically covers nearly all of Los Angeles County. Matt is one of the state's constitutional officers and was appointed by Governor Pete Wilson in January 1991. Fong, a fiscal conservative, brought strong academic and business skills to state government. In the course of his work on the Board, Matt applied fairness, compassion and common sense to tax administration in California. In his first two years in office, Matt moved swiftly to reduce the state agency's operating costs by nearly $7 million and increase efficiency. His knowledge of state government and "can do" attitude has even been recognized by local government officials. Matt spearheaded a successful multi-billion dollar settlement between utility companies and California's 58 counties that saved hard-earned taxpayer money. Matt Fong graduated from the United States Air Force Academy and held the rank of Lt. Colonel (selectee) in the Air Force Reserves throughout his life. Following graduation in 1975, he served a five-year military commitment. As acting comptroller and data processing manager for 8,000 men and women, Matt was awarded the USAF Meritorious Service Medal for exceptional management performance. Following his military career Matt completed an MBA at Pepperdine University. A few years later, he earned a law degree from Southwestern Law School. In 1992 he was recognized for his efforts and given the Distinguished Alumnus Award at Pepperdine where he continued his involvement as a member of the Board of Regents and served on their Finance and Investments Committee. After starting his own small business, he joined the law firm of Sheppard, Mullin, Richter and Hampton. As a business attorney for the international firm, Matt specialized in transactional law.Following in the political footsteps of his mother, former Secretary of State March Fong Eu, Matt entered politics and, in 1990, was the Republican nominee for State Controller. Matt is widely considered a "rising star in California politics," and was asked to speak at the Republican National Convention.

Matt remained active in his community, participating on the Boards of Governors and Trustees for the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, the Board of Directors for the Young Executives Association and as Regent of the Children's Hospital of Los Angeles. Matt is survived by his wife Paula, and his two children, Matthew II and Jade.

Ronald george
Ronald George
Think Long Committee for California, L.A. Committee

CHIEF JUSTICE RONALD M. GEORGE is a 1961 graduate of Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and a 1964 graduate of Stanford Law School.


From 1965 to 1972, he served as a Deputy Attorney General in the California Department of Justice, where he represented the State of California in six oral arguments before the United States Supreme Court, two of which involved arguing in support of the constitutionality of the death penalty, and appeared in numerous cases before the California Supreme Court, including the prosecution of Sirhan Sirhan for the assassination of Senator Robert Kennedy. 


In 1972, Chief Justice George was appointed to the Los Angeles Municipal Court by Governor Reagan, in 1977 to the Los Angeles County Superior Court by Governor Brown, Jr., in 1987 to the Court of Appeal for the Second Appellate District by Governor Deukmejian, in 1991 to the California Supreme Court by Governor Wilson as an Associate Justice (confirmed in 1994 by the voters for a 12-year term) and in 1996 as the 27th Chief Justice of California (confirmed in 1998 by the voters for a 12-year term).  On the Superior Court, he served as supervising judge of the Criminal Division and presided over People v. Buono (the “Hillside Strangler” case) from 1981 to 1983, thereafter serving for three years on civil assignments in that court.  In 1982, he was elected President of the California Judges’ Association.


As Chief Justice of California, he chaired the Judicial Council of California and the Commission on Judicial Appointments, and cochaired the California-Federal Judicial Council.  Chief Justice George has authored numerous publications and has lectured at numerous educational programs.  Among the recognitions he has received are the State Bar Council on Access and Fairness Diversity Award (2010), being inducted as a Member of the Warren E. Burger Society (2010), the National Association of Women Judges Joan Dempsey Klein Award (2010), the Consumer Attorneys of California Champion of Civil Justice Award (2010), being inducted as a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2009), the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers’ Family Law Person of the Year Award (2009), the Asian Law Alliance’s Legal Impact Award (2009), the Friends of the Los Angeles County Law Library’s Beacon of Justice Award (2009), the Los Angeles Consumer Attorneys Association Roger J. Traynor Memorial Award (2008), the Bar Association of San Francisco’s Champion of Justice Award (2008), the American Bar Association’s John Marshall Award (2007), the American College of Trial Lawyers Samuel E. Gates Award (2007), the Legal Writing Institute’s Golden Pen Award (2007), the American Judicature Society’s Opperman Award for Judicial Excellence (2006), the Consumer Attorneys of California Justice of the Year Award (2006), the Burton Reform in Law Award (2006), the State Bar of California’s Bernard Witkin Medal (2005), the Public Counsel’s William O. Douglas Award (2004), the James Madison Freedom of Information Award of the Society of Professional Journalists (2003), the William H. Rehnquist Award for Judicial Excellence (2002), the Judge Learned Hand Award (2000), the Foundation of the State Bar’s Justice Award (2000), the American Judicature Society’s Herbert Harley Award (1998), and the St. Thomas More Law Society’s Medallion Award (1997).  He served as president of the Conference of Chief Justices and chair of the National Center for State Courts Board of Directors in 2003-04, and is a member of the steering committee of the Georgetown University Law Center’s Sandra Day O’Connor Project on the State of the Judiciary.

Hernandez
Antonia Hernández
Think Long Committee for California, L.A. Committee

Ms. Antonia Hernandez serves as Director at Local Initiatives Support Corporation since January 2007. She has been a Director of Golden West Financial Corp. since 1995. She joined the California Community Foundation as President and CEO in February 2004. She was President and General Counsel of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund, a national nonprofit litigation and advocacy organization. Before joining MALDEF as a regional counsel in Washington in ... 1981, she was a staff attorney with the Los Angeles Center for Law and Justice and then worked as counsel to the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary. Ms. Hernández is a trustee for the Rockefeller Foundation and a member of the board of directors for the Automobile Club of Southern California and Golden West Financial Corporation. She serves on various commissions, advisory boards, committees and panels, including the Pacific Council for International Policy. She holds a J.D. from UCLA.

Hertzberg
Robert Hertzberg
Think Long Committee for California

Robert Hertzberg is a partner with Mayer Brown LLP, a global law firm operating in major cities throughout the world. Prior to joining Mayer Brown in 2002, he served as Speaker of the California State Assembly. He is Chairman of the Rose Institute of State and Local Government. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a member of the Southern California Leadership Council, serves as Chair of the Executive Committee of the Public Policy Institute of California, and has twice served as Chairman of the Los Angeles County Economic Development Corporation. Hertzberg is also a member of the Board of Counselors for the University of Southern California School of Public Policy, a board member at the USC Schwarzenegger Institute, and an honorary member of the executive committee of the National Speakers’ Conference. He holds a J.D. from the University of California Hastings College of Law.

Gerald Parsky
Condoleezza Rice
Eric E. Schmidt
Terry S. Semel
George Pratt Shultz
Parsky 1
Gerald Parsky
Think Long Committee for California

Gerald Parsky serves as Chairman of Aurora Capital Group, a Los Angeles based investment firm formed in 1991 that acquires and builds companies in partnership with operating management. By combining strong management, sufficient capital and careful industry selection, Aurora and its management partners continue to create growing, competitive companies in a variety of U.S. based industries. Gerald Parsky also serves on the investment committee of Aurora Resurgence, a Los Angeles based private equity firm investing in the debt and equity securities of struggling middle market companies.Gerald Parsky has served as chairman of the Board of Regents of the University of California, as well as several sub-cabinet positions under Richard Nixon and Gerald R. Ford. He has received appointments from each of the past five Republican administrations. His service has included positions at the U.S. Departments of Treasury and Energy (Nixon); as Assistant Secretary for International Affairs with the U.S. Department of Treasury (Ford); the President’s Council on Productivity (Reagan); the President’s Export Council (George H.W. Bush) and the President’s Commission to Strengthen Social Security (George W. Bush). He received the Alexander Hamilton Award from the U.S. Treasury Department, the highest award for a Treasury official. Gerald Parsky serves as a Trustee to both the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation and the George (H.W.) Bush Presidential Library Foundation in Texas.Appointed to a 12 year term as Regent of the University of California by Governor Pete Wilson, Gerald Parsky was elected unanimously by his peers to serve as their Chairman. He oversaw the Regents’ governance of the university’s vast array of endeavors including oversight and negotiations on behalf of the U.S. nuclear labs at Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore, student admissions, expansion of the U.C. Merced campus, as well as budget and fiscal issues including pension plans for the faculty and staff of one of the finest public institution of higher education in the country.In this role, he led efforts to professionalize the management and oversight of the UC Retirement System. In the process, it became clear that it was not prudent to continue a policy adopted in 1990 whereby members did not contribute to the UC Retirement Fund, and Gerald Parsky helped convince the Regents to change that policy.Gerald Parsky holds a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Virginia Law School and a bachelor of arts in English from Princeton University in New Jersey.

Rice
Condoleezza Rice
Think Long Committee for California

Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is an American professor, politician, diplomat and author. She served as the 66th United States Secretary of State, and was the second person to hold that office in the administration of President George W. Bush. Rice was the first African-American woman Secretary of State, as well as the second African American (after Colin Powell), and the second woman (after Madeleine Albright). Rice was President Bush's National Security Advisor during his first term. Before joining the Bush administration, she was a professor of political science at Stanford University where she served as Provost from 1993 to 1999. Rice served as the Soviet and East European Affairs Advisor to President George H.W. Bush during the dissolution of the Soviet Union and German reunification.Following her confirmation as Secretary of State, Rice pioneered a policy of Transformational Diplomacy, with a focus on democracy in the greater Middle East. Her emphasis on supporting democratically elected governments faced challenges as the Islamist militant Hamas captured a popular majority in Palestinian elections, and influential countries including Saudi Arabia and Egypt maintained authoritarian systems with U.S. support. While Secretary of State, she chaired the Millennium Challenge Corporation's board of directors.In March 2009, Rice returned to Stanford University as a political science professor and the Thomas and Barbara Stephenson Senior Fellow on Public Policy at the Hoover Institution. In September 2010, Rice became a faculty member of the Stanford Graduate School of Business and a director of its Global Center for Business and the Economy

Eric schmidt
Eric E. Schmidt
21st Century Council, Think Long Committee for California

Eric E. Schmidt serves as the Chief Executive Officer at Google Inc. since July 2001. Dr. Schmidt has a 20-year record of achievement as an Internet strategist, entrepreneur, and developer of great technologies. From April 1997 to July 2001, Dr. Schmidt served as the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board at Novell Inc. Mr. Schmidt also worked at Novell Cambridge Technology Partners. From 1983 to March 1997, he held various positions at Sun Microsystems Inc., including ... Chief Technology Officer from February 1994 to March 1997; a Corporate Executive Officer; the President of Sun Technology Enterprises from February 1991 to February 1994; a Vice President of General Systems Group; and a Vice President and General Manager of Software Products Division. At Sun, Dr. Schmidt led the development of Java and defined Sun's Internet software strategy. Prior to joining Sun Microsystems Inc. in 1983, he was a member of the research staff at the Computer Science Lab at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC). Dr. Schmidt also held positions at Bell Laboratories and Zilog, Inc. He has been a Director at Siebel Systems Inc. since May 1996. Dr. Schmidt serves as a Director at Google Inc. and has been the Chairman of the Executive Committee since April 2004. He serves as a Member of Executive Council and Executive Committee at TechNet. He is a Member of Advisory Board of GTI Group LLC. Dr. Schmidt served as the Chairman of Board at Google Inc. from March 2001 until April 2004. He served as a Member Executive of Advisory Board at InSight Venture Partners. Dr. Schmidt also serves as a Trustee of Menlo School. He received a Ph.D. in Computer Science and an M.S. in Electrical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley and a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from the Princeton University.

Terry semel
Terry S. Semel
Think Long Committee for California

Terry S. Semel is the Chairman and CEO of Windsor Media. Previously, Semel served as the Chairman and CEO of Yahoo! Inc. from 2001-2007. Prior to Yahoo! Inc., Semel was Chairman and Co-CEO of Warner Bros. where, in two decades, he and his partner, Robert Daly, built Warner Bros. into one of the world's largest and most creative media and entertainment enterprises.

Semel is Co-Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art , is on the Board of Trustees of The Paley Center for Media and is a member of the Chancellor’s Committee at UCLA.

The Semels have endowed the Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior at UCLA, one of the largest and most distinguished institutes in the country engaged in the study of the brain and its disorders.

In 2005, Semel was granted the UCLA Medal, which is the highest honor bestowed by the University, and the Yale Legends in Leadership Award.

Semel holds a Bachelor of Science degree from Long Island University and an honorary doctor of humane letters degree from Emerson College.

Shultz
George Pratt Shultz
Think Long Committee for California

He majored in economics at Princeton University, where he received a B.A. degree in 1942. During World War II he joined the United States Marine Corps, served in the Pacific arena, and advanced to the rank of captain. Shultz resumed his academic career by enrolling at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1945. He earned his Ph.D. degree in 1949 within the program of industrial economics, specializing in the problems of labor relations, employment, and unemployment. Shultz stayed on at the university until 1957 to teach industrial relations. During this time period he began to serve on arbitration panels for labor-management conflicts, a role he was to enact many times over the next decade. He also served at the first of his many national government posts when he was appointed senior staff economist to President Dwight Eisenhower's Council of Economic Advisors. In 1957 Shultz joined the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, where he also taught industrial relations. He became dean of the school in 1962. Presidents John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson appointed him to serve on several government task forces and committees related to labor-management and employment policies. President Richard Nixon named Shultz to the post of secretary of labor on December 11, 1968. After 18 months at the Labor Department, he accepted President Nixon's appointment to become the first director of the Office of Management and Budget. In May 1972 Shultz again changed posts in the Nixon administration and was appointed secretary of the treasury. Shultz resigned from government service in March 1974 and entered the business community. He became an executive vice president of the Bechtel Corporation, an international construction and engineering firm based in San Francisco. He later became president and a director of the Bechtel Group, Inc. Nominated as the 60th secretary of state by President Ronald Reagan, Shultz was sworn in on July 16, 1982. As the nation's major adviser and negotiator of international affairs, Shultz was intimately involved with the important problems of the world. He sought plans to end conflicts in the Middle East and in Central America and to deal with international terrorism. As a member of the president's team, he supported a strong American defense program, including a space-based anti-missile defense system (the Strategic Defense Initiative, or Star Wars). He guided U.S. arms limitation talks with the Soviet Union. A constant international traveller, he attended President Reagan's meetings with Soviet leaders. His academic and labor arbitration background molded his approach to his work as secretary of state. He proved to be a thoughtful and careful operator and a firm believer in quiet diplomacy. He served as Secretary of State from 1982 to 1989, at which time he returned to the private sector as an educator (Stanford University's Hoover Institute and Graduate School of Business) and writer. His entire cabinet service spanned over twelve years and covered four separate cabinet posts (Secretary of State, Secretary of Labor, Secretary of Treasury, and Director of OMB.) He maintained a residence in Stanford, California.

Laura D. Tyson
Tyson  laura
Laura D. Tyson
21st Century Council, Think Long Committee for California

Laura D. Tyson is Professor, Business Administration and Economics at the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley, and formerly Dean of London Business School, and Dean of the Haas School of Business, at the University of California at Berkeley. Dr Tyson served in the Clinton Administration and was the Chair of The Council of Economic Advisers between 1993 and 1995, and the President’s National Economic Adviser between 1995 and 1996. She has published books and articles on industrial competitiveness and trade and on the economies of Central Europe and their transition to market systems. An Economic Viewpoint columnist for BusinessWeek magazine, Tyson writes regularly about domestic and international economic policy matters in The Washington Post, The New York Times and other nationally and internationally syndicated newspapers and magazines. Dr. Tyson is a member of the Boards of the Brookings Institution, the Peter G. Peterson Institute of International Economics, Bruegel, Eastman Kodak Company, Morgan Stanley Company, AT&T, Inc., and 24/7 Customer.