Council for the Future of Europe Members

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Jörg Asmussen
Marek Belka
Nicolas Berggruen
Carl Bildt
Tony Blair
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Jörg Asmussen
Council for the Future of Europe

Jörg Asmussen is a German economist and politician who has been Permanent State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs since January 2014. He is responsible for the human resources and budgetary policy of the Ministry. The subjects of pension and disability policy as well as the European and international employment and social policy also fall within his area of competence.

From 2012 to 2013 he was a member of the executive board of the European Central Bank (ECB). His area of competence in the ECB included European and international relations and he represented the ECB in European and international bodies such as the Eurogroup Working Group and the EU Economic and Financial Committee.

Before joining the ECB, Jörg Asmussen served in several functions in the Federal Ministry of Finance. For example, he was head of the office of the then Minister of Finance Minister Hans Eichel (1999 to 2002), Director-General for Financial Market Policy (2003 to 2008) and State Secretary responsible for European Policy, Financial Market Policy and Economic and Fiscal Policy Strategy (2008 to 2011). In 2011 he acted as the Federal Chancellor's Sherpa to the G20 summit. During his time as State Secretary, Jörg Asmussen had several mandates at German, European and international level. He was the German representative in the Eurogroup Working Group, the EU Economic and Financial Committee and German representative at state secretary level in the process of G-7 and G-20 Finance Ministers. He was also Alternate Governor at the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, member of the Financial Stability Board, Chairman of the Administrative Council of Germany's Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin) and member of the supervisory board of Deutsche Telekom and Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit. Since early summer 2014 Jörg Asmussen has been deputy chairman of the Advisory Council to the Jacques Delors Institute in Berlin and member of the Global Agenda Council of the World Economic Forum.

Jörg Asmussen studied economics in Gießen and Bonn and has a Master of Business Administration degree from Luigi Bocconi University, Milan.

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Marek Belka
Council for the Future of Europe

Marek Belka was born on 9 January 1952 in Łódź.

Having completed economic studies at the University of Łódź in 1972, he worked in the Institute of Economics of this university. In 1978, he earned a PhD degree and in 1986 –a post doctoral degree in economics (“habilitation”). Since 1986, he has been associated with the Polish Academy of Sciences. In 1978-1979 and 1985-1986, he was a research fellow at Columbia University and the University of Chicago, and in 1990 at the London School of Economics. He received the title of Professor of Economics in 1994.

Since the 1990s, Marek Belka has held important public positions both in Poland and abroad. In 1990, he became consultant and adviser at the Ministry of Finance, then at the Ministry of Ownership Transformations and the Central Planning Office. In 1996, he became consultant to the World Bank. In 1994-1996, he was Vice-Chairman of the Council of Socio-Economic Strategy at the Council of Ministers, and later economic adviser to the President of the Republic of Poland.

He served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance on two occasions: in 1997, in the government of Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz and in 2001-2002, in the government of Leszek Miller. In 2004-2005, he was Prime Minister of Poland’s Government.

Since 2006, Marek Belka worked in the United Nations as Executive Secretary of Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), and since January 2009 as Director of European Department at the International Monetary Fund. Before that, he served as Chairman of the Council for International Coordination for Iraq (2003), and as Director of Economic Policy in the Coalition Provisional Authority, where he was responsible, among others, for the currency reform, the development of a new banking system and supervision of the economy (2003-2004).

He has published more than 100 scientific papers devoted primarily to the theory of money and anti-inflation policy in developing countries. He specializes in applied economics and contemporary economic thought. He is a member of the Committee on Economic Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

On 10 June 2010, Prof. Marek Belka was approved by the Sejm of the Republic of Poland as the President of the National Bank of Poland. He assumed the office on 11 June 2010 after having been sworn in by the Sejm.

Berggruen
Nicolas Berggruen
Chairman
NICOLAS BERGGRUEN is the Chairman of Berggruen Holdings, a private company, which is the direct investment vehicle of the Nicolas Berggruen Charitable Trust.

Berggruen Holdings has operations in the U.S., Europe, and Asia, as well as real estate and financial investments globally. The firm and related entities have made well over 100 direct investments during the last 20 years by committing entirely its own capital across diverse industries, both public and private and focusing on building long-term value. Investments are often socially and culturally driven. The Berggruen Group has offices in New York, Berlin, Istanbul, Tel Aviv and Mumbai.

Through the Berggruen Institute, an independent, non-partisan think tank, he encourages the study and design of systems of good governance suited for the 21st century. Mr. Berggruen is a board director of Zewail City of Science and Technology, Egypt; a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Pacific Council on International Policy.

Committed to leaving a legacy of art and architecture, he sits on the boards of the Museum Berggruen, Berlin, and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and is a member of the International Councils for the Tate Museum, London and the Museum of Modern Art, New York. He has collaborated on projects with such renowned architects as Richard Meier, Shigeru Ban and David Adjaye.

Mr. Berggruen was born in Paris, where he studied at l’Ecole Alsacienne before attending Le Rosey in Switzerland. He obtained a Bachelor of Science in Finance and International Business from New York University in 1981. Prior to Berggruen Holdings, he worked for Bass Brothers Enterprises on the real estate side of this family-held investment firm, as well as for Jacobson and Co., Inc., a leveraged buyout company. In 1988, Mr. Berggruen co-founded the Alpha Group, a hedge fund operation, which was sold to Safra Bank in 2004. He is a member of the WPO-Angeleno; a board member of Promotora De Informaciones, S.A. (Prisa) and Le Monde.

Mr. Berggruen is co-author with Nathan Gardels of Intelligent Governance for the 21st Centurya Financial Times Book of the Year.
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Carl Bildt
Council for the Future of Europe

Carl Bildt has been Minister for Foreign Affairs of Sweden since 2006. From 1991 until 1994, Mr. Bildt served as Sweden’s Prime Minister. Prior to that, he was a Special Adviser for coordination functions in the Swedish Government (1976 - 1978). Mr. Bildt was also the Chair of the International Democratic Union (1992 - 1999). He was very active in resolving the conflict in the Balkans, serving as a Co-Chair of the Dayton Peace Talks on Former Yugoslavia (1995) and a High Representative of the International Community in Bosnia and Herzegovina for reconstruction and the peace implementation process (1996 - 1997).) Mr. Bildt was the first Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for the Balkans (1999 - 2001).

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Tony Blair
Council for the Future of Europe

Anthony Charles Lynton Blair, a former British Labour Party politician, assumed the seat of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in May 1997, as the youngest prime minster to serve since the 1800’s. When he resigned in 2007, he had become the longest serving prime minister in the UK in 100 years. Tony Blair was also the Member of Parliament (MP) for Sedgefield from 1983 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.

Under his leadership, the party adopted the term "New Labour" and moved away from its traditional left wing position towards the centre ground. Blair subsequently led Labour to a landslide victory in the 1997 general election. At 43 years old, he became the youngest Prime Minister since Lord Liverpool in 1812. In the first years of the New Labour government, Blair's government implemented a number of 1997 manifesto pledges, introducing the minimum wage, Human Rights Act and Freedom of Information Act, and carrying out devolution, establishing the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, and the Northern Ireland Assembly.

Blair's role as Prime Minister was particularly visible in foreign and security policy, including in Northern Ireland, where he was involved in the 1998 Good Friday Agreement. From the start of the War on Terror in 2001, Blair strongly supported the foreign policy of US President George W. Bush, notably by participating in the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan and 2003 invasion of Iraq. Blair is the Labour Party's longest-serving Prime Minister, the only person to have led the Labour Party to three consecutive general election victories, and the only Labour Prime Minister to serve consecutive terms more than one of which was at least four years long.

Since leaving Downing Street, Tony Blair has served as the Quartet Representative to the Middle East. He represents the USA, UN, Russia and the EU, working with the Palestinians to prepare for statehood as part of the international community's effort to secure peace.

The Tony Blair Faith Foundation promotes respect and understanding between the major religions and makes the case for faith as a force for good in the modern world. The Tony Blair Faith Foundation is a response to these opportunities and challenges pfresented by religion today.

The Africa Governance Initiative delivers projects in Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Liberia, advising President Kagame, President Koroma and President Johnson-Sirleaf respectively on policy delivery and attracting investment, with a team of his staff working with three governments.

As the first major head of government to bring climate change to the top of the international political agenda at the 2005 Gleneagles G8 summit, Tony Blair now leads the Breaking the Climate Deadlock initiative, working with world leaders to build consensus on a new comprehensive international climate policy framework. In recognition of his debt to the North East of England, he has launched the Tony Blair Sports Foundation, to increase opportunities for young people to participate in sport.

Juan Luis Cebrián
Jacques Delors
Mohamed A. El-Erian
Niall Ferguson
Anthony Giddens
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Juan Luis Cebrián
21st Century Council, Council for the Future of Europe, Board of Directors

Juan Luis Cebrián is Chairman of the Executive Committee and was founding Editor-in-Chief of El País. He is Honorary Professor at Universidad Iberoamericana of Santo Domingo and Honorary Visitor at the University of La Plata. Cebrián was a founding member of the journal Cuadernos para el dialogo, Editor-in-Chief of the Madrid dailies Pueblo and Informaciones de Madrid, and Director of news services at Television Española. He is a member of the Spanish Royal Academy, the Club of Rome, Chevalier des Arts and des lettres of France and has authored various books.

Delors
Jacques Delors
Council for the Future of Europe

Jacques Delors was President of the European Commission from 1985 to 1995. He had previously been Minister of Finance in France. In October 1996, Jacques Delors founded the research institute Notre Europe and is today its founding President. In May 2000, he was appointed President of the CERC (Conseil de l'emploi, des revenus et de la cohésion sociale) until July 2009.

Jacques Delors started his career at the Banque de France in 1945. He worked there until 1962, and was a member of the Economic and Social Council. He became Head of the Social Affairs Department of the General Planning Committee until 1969 before being appointed General Secretary for Permanent Training and Social Promotion (1969-1973).

He was a member of Prime Minister Jacques Chaban-Delmas's cabinet (1969-1972), then Associate Professor at the University of Paris-Dauphine (1974-1979) and Director of the research centre 'Work and Society'. He was elected as a Member of the European Parliament in 1979 and chaired the Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee until May 1981. From May 1981 to July 1984, he was Minister of Economics and Finance. He was elected Mayor of Clichy (1983-1984). From 1992 to 1996, he chaired UNESCO's International Commission on Education for the 21st century.

He has been awarded the title of Docteur Honoris Causa by 24 universities and won various prizes and distinctions: Prix Jean Monnet (1988), Prix Louis Weiss (1989), Prix Prince des Asturies (1989), Prix Charlemagne (1992), Prix Carlos V (1995), Prix Erasme(1997), Prix de l'économie mondiale (2006). He received the Nijmegen Medal of Peace in the Netherlands on March 2010.

El erian
Mohamed A. El-Erian
21st Century Council, Council for the Future of Europe, Board of Directors

Mohamed El-Erian is the former CEO of PIMCO and now serves as the Chief Economic Adviser of Allianz. He has been widely published on international economics, including a monthly column in Foreign Policy and as contributing editor to the Financial Times. He was ranked among Foreign Policy’s “Top 100 Global Thinkers” from 2009-2012. Before joining PIMCO, El-Erian spent 15 years at the International Monetary Fund and served as Managing Director at Salomon Smith Barney/Citigroup and President and CEO of Harvard Management Company. He is a board member of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the National Bureau for Economic Research, chairs the Microsoft Investment Advisory Committee, and is a member of the Investor Advisory Committee on Financial Markets at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Dr. El-Erian received a B.A. and an M.A. from Cambridge University, and an M.Phil and Ph.D. from Oxford University.

Ferguson
Niall Ferguson
Council for the Future of Europe

Niall Ferguson is the Laurence A. Tisch Professor of History at Harvard University and William Ziegler Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School. He is also a Senior Research Fellow at Jesus College, Oxford University, and a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University.Born in Glasgow in 1964, he was a Demy at Magdalen College and graduated with First Class Honours in 1985. After two years as a Hanseatic Scholar in Hamburg and Berlin, he took up a Research Fellowship at Christ’s College, Cambridge, in 1989, subsequently moving to a Lectureship at Peterhouse. He returned to Oxford in 1992 to become Fellow and Tutor in Modern History at Jesus College, a post he held until 2000, when he was appointed Professor of Political and Financial History at Oxford. Two years later he left for the United States to take up the Herzog Chair in Financial History at the Stern Business School, New York University, before moving to Harvard in 2004.

His publishing career is an award-winning list historical volumes several of which have been best sellers. These Paper and Iron: Hamburg Business and German Politics in the Era of Inflation 1897-1927 (Cambridge University Press, 1995), Virtual History: Alternatives and Counterfactuals (Macmillan, 1997); The Pity of War: Explaining World War One (Basic Books) and The World’s Banker: The History of the House of Rothschild (Penguin); The Cash Nexus: Money and Power in the Modern World, 1700-2000 (Basic).

Niall is a prolific commentator on contemporary politics and economics and a regular contributor to television and radio on both sides of the Atlantic. He wrote and presented a six-part history of the British Empire for Channel 4, as well as a PBS series Twentieth Century Conflict and the Descent of the West. He writes and reviews regularly for the British and American press. He is a contributing editor for the Financial Times and a regular contributor to Newsweek. In 2004 Time magazine named him as one of the world’s hundred most influential people.

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Anthony Giddens
Council for the Future of Europe

Anthony Giddens is a British sociologist who is known for his theory of structuration and his holistic view of modern societies. He is considered to be one of the most prominent modern contributors in the field of sociology, the author of over 30 books, published in at least 29 languages, issuing on average more than one book every year. In 2007, Giddens was listed as the fifth most-referenced author of books in the humanities.

Three notable stages can be identified in his academic life. The first one involved outlining a new vision of what sociology is, presenting a theoretical and methodological understanding of that field, based on a critical reinterpretation of the classics. His major publications of that era include Capitalism and Modern Social Theory (1971) and New Rules of Sociological Method (1976). In the second stage Giddens developed the theory of structuration, an analysis of agency and structure, in which primacy is granted to neither. His works of that period, such as Central Problems in Social Theory (1979) and The Constitution of Society (1984), brought him international fame on the sociological arena.

The most recent stage concerns modernity, globalization and politics, especially the impact of modernity on social and personal life. This stage is reflected by his critique of postmodernity, and discussions of a new "utopian-realist"[3]third way in politics, visible in the Consequence of Modernity (1990), Modernity and Self-Identity (1991), The Transformation of Intimacy (1992), Beyond Left and Right (1994) and The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy (1998). Giddens's ambition is both to recast social theory and to re-examine our understanding of the development and trajectory of modernity. Currently, Giddens serves as Emeritus Professor at the London School of Economics.

Otmar Issing
Jakob Kellenberger
Pascal Lamy
Doris Leuthard
Felipe González Márquez
Issing
Otmar Issing
Council for the Future of Europe

Otmar Issing, born in 1936, was a member of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank from 1 June 1998 to 31 May 2006, responsible for the Directorates General Economics 16 and Research. Until May 1998 he was a Member of the Board of the Deutsche Bundesbank with a seat in the Central Bank Council. Prior to that, he held Chairs of Economics at the Universities of Würzburg and Erlangen-Nürnberg. From 1988 to 1990 he was a member of the Council of Experts for the Assessment of Overall Economic Developments. He is an active member of Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur (Academy of Sciences and Literature), Mainz, and of the Academia Scientiarum et Artium Europaea (European Academy of Sciences and Arts). He has Honorary Doctorates from the Universities of Bayreuth, Frankfurt and Konstanz.

In 2004 he received the International Prize of the Friedrich-August-von-Hayek-Stiftung, in 2004 the Bernhard-Harms-Medal of the Institute for World Economics, Kiel, 2005 the Hans-Möller-Medal of the University of Munich and 2006 the Ludwig-Erhard-Preis für Wirtschaftspublizistik. In 2006 he received the Große Verdienstkreuz des Verdienstordens der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. In the same year he was appointed Grand Officier de l`Ordre de Mérite du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg. In 2007 he received the Silver Insignia of the City of Würzburg. In 2010 he was awarded the Laurea Honoris Causa in International Economic Integration from the University of Pavia. In 2011 he received the Gustav Stolper Award of the Verein für Socialpolitik.

Current positions: President of the Center for Financial Studies, Frankfurt; Chairman Kuratorium Gesellschaft für Kapitalmarktforschung; Chairman Kuratorium House of Finance, Goethe University Frankfurt; Honorary Professorships at the University of Würzburg (1991) and the Goethe University Frankfurt (2007); Hochschulrat University of Würzburg; International Advisor Goldman Sachs.

Memberships: Aufsichtsrat Nürnberger Lebensversicherung A.G. and Fürst Fugger Privatbank; Advisory Board of Globalisation and Monetary Policy Institute at Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas; Führungskreis Institute for European Affairs (INEA); Euro50 Group; International Advisory Council Bocconi University, Milan; Council for the Future of Europe (Berggruen Institute on Governance).

In 2008 he was appointed Head of the Advisory Group on the New Financial Order by Chancellor Merkel. He also became a member of the High Level Group of the European Commission chaired by J. De Larosière.

In addition to publishing numerous articles in scientific journals and periodicals, he is the author of inter alia, two textbooks, namely "Einführung in die Geldtheorie" (Introduction to monetary theory), fifteenth edition 2011, and "Einführung in die Geldpolitik" (Introduction to monetary policy), sixth edition, 1996. “Der Euro - Geburt, Erfolg, Zukunft”, English “The Birth of the Euro” was published in 2008, Chinese edition 2011.

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Jakob Kellenberger
Council for the Future of Europe
Jakob Kellenberger was born in Heiden, Switzerland in 1944. After studies in Spanish and French Literature and Linguistics at the University of Zürich with stays at the Universities of Granada/Spain and Tours/France, he received his PhD from Zürich University. He wrote his undergraduate dissertation (Lizentiatsarbeit) on Jean Jacques Rousseau and his doctoral thesis on Pedro Calderón de la Barca.

Jakob Kellenberger entered the Swiss diplomatic service in 1974. He was posted to Madrid, then to Brussels and subsequently to London. From 1984 to 1992, he headed the joint office of the Swiss Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Economic Affairs in charge of the relations to the European Union and EFTA. In 1988, he was promoted from the diplomatic rank of minister to that of ambassador. From 1989 to 1991, he headed the transport negotiations (transit) with the European Community on the Swiss side. In 1992, Kellenberger was appointed State Secretary for Foreign Affairs. From 1992 to 1999, he held the posts of State Secretary and head of the Directorate of Political Affairs within the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs. From 1994 to 1998, he was also coordinator and chief negotiator for Switzerland's sector-by-sector bilateral negotiations with the European Union. His diplomatic career strongly focused on European Integration and Cooperation. His responsibilities included strategic foreign, and, in particular, European policy work.

On 1 January 2000, Jakob Kellenberger was appointed President of the ICRC, one of the largest international humanitarian organizations that today has about 13,000 permanent staff and a worldwide network of over 200 offices. The scope of the ICRC's operations expanded considerably during his term in office.

Jakob Kellenberger is teaching at the Spanish University of Salamanca and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich.
Lamy
Pascal Lamy
21st Century Council, Council for the Future of Europe

Mr. Pascal Lamy is the Honorary President of the Paris-based think tank Notre Europe. Previously, he was Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO), a post which he held since September 2005.

Mr. Lamy holds degrees from the Paris based Ecole des Hautes Études Commerciales (HEC), from the Institut d’Etudes Politiques (IEP) and from the Ecole Nationale d’Administration (ENA). He began his career in the French civil service at the Inspection Générale des Finances and at the Treasury. He then became an advisor to the Finance Minister Jacques Delors and, subsequently, to Prime Minister Pierre Mauroy. In Brussels from 1985 to 1994, Pascal Lamy was Chief of staff for the President of the European Commission, Jacques Delors, and his representative as Sherpa in the G7. In November 1994, he joined the team in charge of rescuing Credit Lyonnais, and later became CEO of the bank until its privatization in 1999. Between 1999 and 2004, Pascal Lamy was Commissioner for Trade at the European Commission under Romano Prodi. After his tenure in Brussels, Pascal Lamy spent a short sabbatical period as President of “Notre Europe”, a think tank working on European integration, as associate Professor at the l’Institut d’Etudes Politiques in Paris and as advisor to Poul Nyrup Rasmussen (President of the European Socialist Party).

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Doris Leuthard
Council for the Future of Europe

As head of the Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC), Federal Councillor Doris Leuthard is one of the seven members of the Federal Council, Switzerland's cabinet.

DETEC's strategy focuses on the principles of sustainable development, which are implemented in terms of policy in the fields of the environment, transport, energy, communications and spatial development. As head of DETEC, Federal Councillor Leuthard is in charge of the seven federal offices (ministries) that make up the Department and that work together to achieve the Department's aims, which include environmental and economic interests and public service requirements.

Before taking the helm of DETEC on 1 November 2010, Federal Councillor Leuthard was head of the Federal Department of Economic Affairs (FDEA) from August 2006 to October 2010. During this time, she was responsible for the labour market, vocational education and training, technology, innovation, agriculture, housing, national economic supply and trade policy. She represented Switzerland at international organisations including the WTO, OECD, FAO and the World Bank and chaired the EFTA Council.In 2010, Doris Leuthard was President of the Swiss Confederation.

From 1999 to 2006, Federal Councillor Leuthard was a member of the National Council representing canton Aargau. From 2004 to 2006, she was president of the Christian Democratic People's Party. During her time in the National Council, she was a member of the following committees: legal affairs, political institutions, judicial, economic affairs and taxation.

Born in 1963, Doris Leuthard studied law at the University of Zurich and completed language and study courses in Paris and Calgary. She was a partner in a law firm. She is married to Dr. Roland Hausin.

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Felipe González Márquez
21st Century Council, Council for the Future of Europe

Felipe González Márquez, born in Seville on 5 March 1942. He studied Law at Seville University and started his career as an Attorney specializing in labour.Mr. Gonzalez was the General Secretary of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 1974 to 1997, Member of the Parliament from 1977 to 2004; and Vice President of the Socialist International from 1978 to 1999. He chaired the Global Progress Commission for the renewal of the IS. To date, he remains the longest-serving Prime Minister of Spain, after having served four successive mandates from 1982 to 1996, of which, three with absolute majority of votes.On 27 July 2007, the Spanish Government appointed him plenipotentiary and extraordinary Ambassador for the bicentenary celebrations in commemoration of the independence of Latin America. At a summit held in Brussels on 14 December 2007, heads of state and government of European Union member states appointed González Chairman of the think tank, The Reflection Group, on the future of the European Union; the group, consisting of up to nine prestigious personalities commissioned to drawing up a report by June 2010 on the challenges facing the European Union from 2020 to 2030 and will also look at how to achieve a closer understanding between citizens and the Union.

Alain Minc
Mario Monti
Robert Mundell
Jean Pisani-Ferry
Romano Prodi
Minc
Alain Minc
21st Century Council, Council for the Future of Europe

Alain Minc was born in Paris on April 15, 1949. Mr. Minc is a graduate of the Ecole des Mines de Paris and of ENA. After serving as Inspecteur des Finances, Mr. Minc joined Compagnie de Saint-Gobain in 1979, as Chief Financial Officer.In 1986, Mr. Minc became Vice-Chairman of CIR International (Compagnie Industriali Riunite International) and General Manager of Cerus (Compagnies Européennes Réunies) which were the non-Italian affiliates of Benedetti Group.In 1991, Alain Minc founded its own consultancy firm, AM Conseil.He has been a Board Member of numerous companies and the Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Le Monde, the leading French newspaper (19/12/94 to 11/02/2008)He is Commandeur de la Légion d’Honneur.Alain Minc wrote more than 30 books since 1978, among them some have been best sellers (Rapport sur l’informatisation de la société ; La Machine égalitaire ; La vengeance des Nations ; le Nouveau Moyen âge ; Rapport sur la France de l’an 2000 ; www.capitalisme.fr ; Epître à nos nouveaux maîtres (2003) ; Les Prophètes du bonheur : histoire personnelle de la pensée économique (2004) ; Ce monde qui vient (2004). Le Crépuscule des petits dieux (2006) ; Une sorte de Diable, les vies de John M. Keynes (December 2006). ). The three last ones are published in September 2008, "Une histoire de France"; in April 2009 "Dix jours qui ébranleront le monde" and in September 2010, "Une histoire politique des intellectuels".

Monti
Mario Monti
Council for the Future of Europe, BPCC Advisory Board

Mario Monti is an Italian economist who served as the Prime Minister of Italy from 2011 to 2013. In 2013 he was named Chairman of the Council for the Future of Europe.

He is currently president of Bocconi University, Milan. He is also European chairman of the Trilateral Commission and honorary president of Bruegel, the European think-tank he launched in 2005.

He is the author of the report to the President of the European Commission on “A new strategy for the single market” (May 2010).

As the EU-appointed coordinator for the electricity interconnection between France and Spain, he brokered an agreement between the two heads of governments in June 2008. He was a member of the Attali Committee on French economic growth, set up by President Sarkozy (2007-2008).

He was for ten years a member of the European Commission, in charge of the Internal market, Financial services and Tax policy (1995-1999), then of Competition (1999-2004). In addition to a number of high-profile cases (e.g. GE/Honeywell, Microsoft, the German Landesbanken), he introduced radical modernization reforms of EU antitrust and merger control and led, with the US authorities, the creation of the International Competition Network (ICN).

Born in Varese, Italy, in 1943, he graduated from Bocconi University and did graduate studies at Yale University. Prior to joining the European Commission, he had been professor of economics and rector at Bocconi.

Mundell
Robert Mundell
Council for the Future of Europe

Since 1974, Robert Mundell (born 1932) has been Professor of Economics at Columbia University in New York. After studying at M.I.T. and the London School of Economics, he received his Ph.D. from M.I.T. in 1956, and was the Post-Doctoral Fellow in Political Economy at the University of Chicago in 1956-57. He taught at Stanford University and The Johns Hopkins Bologna Center of Advanced International Studies before joining the staff of the International Monetary Fund in 1961. From 1966 to 1971 he was a Professor of Economics at the University of Chicago and Editor of the journal of Political Economy; and from 1965 to 1975, he was (summer) Professor of International Economics at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. For 1997-98 he was the AGIP Professor of Economics at the Johns Hopkins Bologna Center of the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies.

Professor Mundell has been an adviser to a number of international agencies and organizations including the United Nations, the IMF, the World Bank, the European Commission, and several governments in Latin America and Europe, the Federal Reserve Board, the US Treasury and the Government of Canada. In 1970, he was a consultant to the Monetary Committee of the European Economic Commission, and in 1972-73 a member of its Study Group on Economic and Monetary Union in Europe. He was a member of the Bellagio-Princeton Study Group on International Monetary Reform from 1964 to 1978, and Chairman of the Santa Colombia Conferences on International Monetary Reform between 1971 and 1987.

The author of numerous works and articles on economic theory of international economics, he prepared one of the first plans for a common currency in Europe and is known as the father of the theory of optimum currency areas. He was a pioneer of the theory of the monetary and fiscal policy mix, the theory of inflation and interest and growth, the monetary approach to the balance of payments, and the co-founder of supply-side economics. He has also written extensively on the history of the international monetary system.

Mundell's writings include over a hundred articles in the scientific journals and the following books: The International Monetary System: Conflict and Reform (1965); Man and Economics and International Economics (1968); Monetary Theory: Interest, Inflation and Growth in the World Economy 1971; and co-edited A Monetary Agenda for the World Economy (1983); Global Disequilibrium (1990); Debts, Deficits and Economic Performance (1991); Building the New Europe (1992); Inflation and Growth in China (1996).

Pisani ferry
Jean Pisani-Ferry
Council for the Future of Europe

Jean Pisani-Ferry is the Director of Economic Policy Planning for the Prime Minister of France. Previously, he was the director of Bruegel, the Brussels-based European economic think tank. He is also a professor of economics with Université Paris-Dauphine.

Pisani-Ferry has made his career in research and policy. After having held positions in research and government in France, he joined the European Commission in 1989 as economic adviser to the Director-General of DG ECFIN. From 1992 to 1997 he was the director of CEPII, the main French research centre in international economics. In 1997, he became senior economic adviser to the French minister of Finance and was later appointed executive president of the French prime minister’s Council of Economic Analysis (2001-2002). From 2002 to 2004, he was senior adviser to the director of the French Treasury.

Pisani-Ferry has held teaching positions with various universities including Ecole polytechnique in Paris and Université libre de Bruxelles. In 2006-2007, he was president of the French economic association.He is a member of the Council of Economic Analysis, an independent advisory body reporting to the French PM.

Pisani-Ferry’s research interest include economic policy, international macroeconomics and European economics. His recent publications include Europe's Growth Problem (and what to do about it), The Euro Crisis and the New Impossible Trinity, Global Currencies for Tomorrow (with Ignazio Angeloni et al.), An Ocean Apart? Comparing Transatlantic Responses to the Financial Crisis (editor, with Adam Posen and Fabrizio Saccomanni), Bruegel/Peterson Institute,2011, Economic Policy (with Agnès Bénassy-Quéré, Benoît Coeuré and Pierre Jacquet) Oxford University Press, 2010.

Born in 1951, Pisani-Ferry was initially trained as an engineer and also holds a Masterin mathematics. He holds an advanced degree in economics from the Centre d'études des programmes économiques (CEPE, Paris).

Pisani-Ferry has regular columns in Le Monde, Handelsblatt, and the Chinese magazine Century Weekly. He is a contributor to The Economist’s by invitation blog and to Project Syndicate.

Prodi
Romano Prodi
Council for the Future of Europe
(Bio coming soon)
Nouriel Roubini
Gerhard Schröder
Michael Spence
Joseph E. Stiglitz
Peter Sutherland
Roubini
Nouriel Roubini
21st Century Council, Council for the Future of Europe

Nouriel Roubini is the co-Founder and Chairman of Roubini Global Economics, an innovative economic and geo-strategic information service and consultancy named one of the best economics websites by Business Week, Forbes, the Wall Street Journal and The Economist. He is also a professor of economics at New York University’s Stern School of Business. Dr. Roubini has extensive policy experience as well as broad academic credentials. From 1998-2000, he served as the Senior Economist for International Affairs at the White House Council of Economic Advisors and then the Senior Advisor to the Under Secretary for International Affairs at the U.S. Treasury Department, helping to resolve the Asian and global financial crises among other issues. The International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and numerous other prominent public and private institutions have drawn upon his consulting expertise. He has published over 70 theoretical empirical and policy papers on international macroeconomic issues and co-authored the books Political Cycles: Theory and Evidence (M.I.T. Press, 1997) and Bailouts or Bail-ins?, Responding to Financial Crises in Emerging Markets (Institute for International Economics, 2004), and Crisis Economics – A Crash Course in the Future of Finance (Penguin Press, 2010). Dr. Roubini’s views on global economics issues are widely cited by the media, and he is a frequent commentator on various business news programs. He has been the subject of extended profiles in the New York Times Magazine and other leading current-affairs publications. The Financial Times has also provided extensive coverage of Dr. Roubini’s viewpoints.Dr. Roubini received an undergraduate degree at Bocconi University in Milan, Italy and a Ph.D. in economics at Harvard University. Prior to joining Stern, he was on the faculty of Yale University’s department of economics.

Schroder
Gerhard Schröder
21st Century Council, Council for the Future of Europe

Gerhard Schröder, born in Mossenberg (North Rhine-Westfalia) on 7 April 1944, is a former Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. He studied at University of Göttingen where he graduated in Law with post-graduate Judicial Clerkship at the regional Court of Hanover from 1972 to 1976. He is currently an Independent Director of Anglo-Russian oil company TNK-BP and Member of the Board of Directors; Chairman of the shareholders’ committee of the European-Russian pipeline company Nord Stream AG; Member of the European Advisory Council of the Rothschild Group since 2006. And since 2005, he has been a freelance lawyer in Hanover; and an advisor to Swiss publishing company, Ringier.Mr. Schröder served as Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) from 1999 to 2004. Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1998 to 2005. He has been a Member of the German Bundestag from 1980 to 1986 and 1998 to 2005. In 1986, Schröder was elected to the parliament of Lower Saxony and became leader of the SPD group. After the SPD won the state elections in June 1990, he became Prime Minister of Lower Saxony as head of an SPD-Greens coalition; in this position, he also won the 1994 and 1998 state elections.

Spence 1
Michael Spence
21st Century Council, Council for the Future of Europe

Michael Spence has served as the Chairman of an Independent Commission on Growth and Development, with a focus on growth in emerging economies (2006 to 2010). He is Professor of Economics in the Stern of Business at New York University and a Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution at Stanford. In 2001, Spence received the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for work on markets with incomplete and asymmetric information. Mr. Spence serves on the boards of Genpact and Merca-dolibre, and a number of private companies. He is a member of the board of the Stanford Management Company, and the International Chamber of Commerce Research Foundation.  He is a Senior Advisor to Oak Hill Investment Management and a consultant to PIMCO. Mr. Spence was awarded the John Kenneth Galbraith Prize for excellence in teaching and the John Bates Clark medal, awarded to economists under 40 years of age for a "significant contribution to economic thought and knowledge." He served as dean of the Stanford Business School from 1990 to 1999. From 1984 to 1990, Spence served as the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Harvard, overseeing Harvard College, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and the Division of Continuing Education. Mr. Spence earned his undergraduate degree in philosophy at Princeton summa cum laude and was selected for a Rhodes Scholarship. He was awarded a B.S.-M.A. from Oxford in mathematics and earned his Ph.D. in economics at Harvard. He lives in Milan and New York with his wife and two younger children. He writes regularly on emerging market and global economy issues for leading publications and for Project Syndicate.

Stiglitz1
Joseph E. Stiglitz
21st Century Council, Council for the Future of Europe

Joseph E. Stiglitz was born in Gary, Indiana in 1943. A graduate of Amherst College, he received his PHD from MIT in 1967, became a full professor at Yale in 1970, and in 1979 was awarded the John Bates Clark Award, given biennially by the American Economic Association to the economist under 40 who has made the most significant contribution to the field. He has taught at Princeton, Stanford, MIT, and was the Drummond Professor and a fellow of All Souls College, Oxford. He is now University Professor at Columbia University in New York and Chair of Columbia University's Committee on Global Thought. He is also the co-President of the Initiative for Policy Dialogue at Columbia. In 2001, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in economics for his analyses of markets with asymmetric information, and he was a lead author of the 1995 Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. Stiglitz was a member of the Council of Economic Advisers from 1993-95, during the Clinton administration, and served as CEA chairman from 1995-97. He then became Chief Economist and Senior Vice-President of the World Bank from 1997-2000. In 2008, he was appointed by French President Nicolas Sarkozy to chair a Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Economic Progress. He is also chair of the Commission of Experts of the President of the UN General Assembly on Reforms of the International Monetary and Financial System.Stiglitz holds a part-time appointment at the University of Manchester as Chair of the Management Board and Director of Graduate Summer Programs at the Brooks World Poverty Institute. He serves on numerous other boards, including Amherst College's Board of Trustees and Resources for the Future. Stiglitz helped create a new branch of economics, "The Economics of Information," exploring the consequences of information asymmetries and pioneering such pivotal concepts as adverse selection and moral hazard, which have now become standard tools not only of theorists, but of policy analysts. He has made major contributions to macro-economics and monetary theory, to development economics and trade theory, to public and corporate finance, to the theories of industrial organization and rural organization, and to the theories of welfare economics and of income and wealth distribution. In the 1980s, he helped revive interest in the economics of R&D. His work has helped explain the circumstances in which markets do not work well, and how selective government intervention can improve their performance. Recognized around the world as a leading economic educator, he has written textbooks that have been translated into more than a dozen languages. He founded one of the leading economics journals, The Journal of Economic Perspectives. His book Globalization and Its Discontents (W.W. Norton June 2001) has been translated into 35 languages, besides at least two pirated editions, and in the non-pirated editions has sold more than one million copies worldwide. Other recent books include The Roaring Nineties (W.W. Norton), Towards a New Paradigm in Monetary Economics (Cambridge University Press) with Bruce Greenwald, Fair Trade for All (Oxford University Press), with Andrew Charlton, and Making Globalization Work, (WW Norton and Penguin/ Allen Lane, September 2006). His most recent book, The Three Trillion Dollar War: The True Cost of the Iraq Conflict, with Linda Bilmes of Harvard University, was published in March 2008 by WW Norton and Penguin/ Allen Lane. He is currently working on a book entitled, Freefall: America, Free Markets, and the Sinking of the World Economy, to be published January 2010 by WW Norton and Penguin/ Allen Lane.

Sutherland
Peter Sutherland
Council for the Future of Europe

Peter Sutherland is chairman of Goldman Sachs International in London, a position he assumed in 1995, and serves as the UN Secretary General’s Special Representative for Migration & Development. Prior to joining the World Trade Organization (GATT) in 1993, he was with the firm for three years as an international advisor. Peter was chairman of BP plc from 1997 to December 2009. He is chairman of the London School of Economics.

Previously, Peter was attorney general of Ireland, a commissioner of the European Communities and then chairman of Allied Irish Banks. He then went on to be the director-general of GATT. Peter is honorary president of the European Policy Centre in Brussels and honorary chairman of the Trilateral Commission (Europe).

Peter is a Foundation Board member of the World Economic Forum. He is a Consultor for the Administration of the Finances of the Holy See. Peter is also president of The Federal Trust. He is a UNIDO goodwill ambassador and Special Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations for Migration and Development. In 2011, Peter co-chaired a trade experts group to provide analysis and recommendations in support of trade liberalization and revitalization on the nomination of the Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, Germany, Turkey and Indonesia.

Peter earned a bachelor’s degree in Civil Law from University College Dublin. He is an honorary bencher of the King’s Inns. He has received fifteen honorary doctorates from universities in Europe and America. Peter has also received an honorary (KCMG) Knighthood from the United Kingdom and has been decorated by Spain, Belgium, France, Morocco, Brazil, Portugal and New Zealand. He was made a Knight Commander of the Order of St. Gregory (Papal decoration) in 2008. He is an Honorary Fellow of the London Business School and the Oxford University Institute of Economics.

Matti Vanhanen
Guy Verhofstadt
Franz Vranitzky
Axel Weber
Matti vanhanen 1351539036
Matti Vanhanen
Council for the Future of Europe

Matti Vanhanen was Prime Minister of Finland from June 2003 – June 2010. Prior to that position, he was Minister of Defense, Deputy Party Leader for the Center Party and member of the Party’s board of directors. He was also and remains the Center Party President and has been a member of Parliament since 1991. Mr. Vanhanen also served as the representative of the from Finland to the European Convention on the future of the European Union in 2002 and 2003.

After retiring as Prime Ministership in 2010, Mr. Vanhanen became the Managing Director of The Finnish Family Firms Association; a powerful association that represents the interests of Finland’s family owned businesses.

Verhofstadt
Guy Verhofstadt
Council for the Future of Europe (President)

Guy was born in 1953, and attended school and university in Ghent, where he studied the law. In 1972, he became President of the Liberal Flemish Students' Union in Ghent and, four years later, was elected as a City Councillor there. Keen to follow his interest in national politics, Guy went on to take a number of high profile posts including Political Secretary to Willy De Clercq, National President of the Party for Freedom and Progress (PVV), an MP in the House of Representatives, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for the Budget, a Senator, and National President of the PVV and National President of the Flemish Liberals and Democrats (VLD).

In July 1999, he became Prime Minister of Belgium, heading three separate governments over the course of nearly ten years.

In June 2009, Guy Verhofstadt was elected to the European Parliament where he will pursue his interests in European politics after winning the unanimous support of the ALDE Group in their leadership contest.

In addition to his duties as a politician, Guy has written a number of books including, The United States of Europe (2006), The New Age of Empires (2008) and Emerging from the Crisis: How Europe can Save the World (2009).

Guy Verhofstadt is married to Dominique Verkinderen. They live in Ghent and have two children, Charlotte and Louis.

Vranitzky
Franz Vranitzky
Council for the Future of Europe

Franz Vranitzky (born Oct. 4th, 1937) was Special Adviser to WestLB (1997-2004). He was the Personal Representative of the OSCE Chairman-in-Office, Danish Foreign Minister H. Petersen, for the OSCE Special Mission to Albania (March-Oktober 1997); Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) (1988-97) and one of the Vice Presidents of the Socialist International; Federal Chancellor of Austria (1986-97); Finance Minister (1984-86); Chairman of the Board of Österreichische Länderbank (1981-84); Deputy Chairman of the Board, Creditanstalt-Bankverein (1976-81); Adviser on Economic and Financial Affairs to the Finance Minister (1970-76); with the Austrian National Bank (1961-70). Dr. Vranitzky received a Doctorate in Business Studies, Vienna University of Business and Economics (1969). He received Honorary Doctorates from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (1993), the University of Ashgabat (1998) and the University of New Orleans (1999), and holds Honorary Degrees from the Universities of Santiago de Chile and Bratislava. The city of Aachen presented him with the Charles prize in 1995, for his work to promote European integration and because under his leadership, Austria became a member of the European Union. In 1995 he was awarded the Fulbright Prize for his services to Eastern Europe after the dismantling of the Iron Curtain. Vranitzky is an Honorary Senator of the Vienna University School of Business and Economics. He was awarded numerous honours by foreign governments one of those being the government of the Republic of Kasachstan.

Franz Vranitzky is married to Christine Kristen. They have a daughter and a son and five grandchildren. A member of the Austrian 1960 Olympic basketball team, Vranitzky is a fan of basketball and other sports.

Axel a  weber
Axel Weber
Council for the Future of Europe

Axel A. Weber was elected to the Board of Directors (BoD) at the 2012 AGM and was thereafter appointed Chairman of the BoD. He chairs the Governance and Nominating Committee and became a member of the Corporate Responsibility Committee in 2012. Mr. Weber was president of the German Bundesbank between 2004 and 2011, during which time he also served as a member of the Governing Council of the European Central Bank, a member of the Board of Directors of the Bank for International Settlements, German governor of the International Monetary Fund, and as a member of the G7 and G20 Ministers and Governors. He was a member of the steering committees of the European Systemic Risk Board in 2011 and the Financial Stability Board from 2010 to 2011. On leave from the University of Cologne from 2004 to 2012, he was a visiting professor at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business from 2011 to 2012. From 2002 to 2004 Mr. Weber served as a member of the German Council of Economic Experts. He was a professor of international economics and Director of the Center for Financial Research at the University of Cologne from 2001 to 2004, and a professor of monetary econom­ics and Director of the Center for Financial Studies at the Goethe University in Frankfurt/Main from 1998 to 2001. Mr. Weber holds a PhD in economics from the University of Siegen, where he also received his habilitation. He graduated with a mas­ter’s degree in economics at the University of Constance and holds honorary doctorates from the universities of Duisburg-Essen and Constance. He was born on 8 March 1957 and is a German citizen.

Mr. Weber is a member of the Group of Thirty, Washington, D.C., and a research fellow at the Center for Economic Policy Research in London and at the Center for Financial Research in Cologne. He is a member of the board of the Institute of International Finance, a senior research fellow at the Center for Financial Studies in Frankfurt/Main and a member of the Monetary Economics and International Economics Councils of the leading association of German-speaking economists, the Verein für Socialpolitik. In addition, he is a member of the Advisory Board of the German Market Economy Foundation and a member of the Advisory Council (Hochschulrat) of the Goethe University in Frankfurt/Main.